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한국제임스조이스학회

한국제임스조이스학회 The James Joyce Society of Korea

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국문제목 아일랜드 민족주의와 가톨릭교회: 『영웅 스티븐』
영문제목 Irish Nationalism and the Catholic Church: Stephen Hero
저자 최석무
출처 149-167
28권
1호
발행년 2022년 6월
논문자료 [첨부파일 다운받기] 6. 최석무.pdf

At the turn of the 20th century, Irish nationalists sought to devise a unique Irish identity that could be used to justify Ireland’s independence from Britain. Unlike other countries in Western Europe, in Ireland the Catholic Church played a major role in shaping the national identity; Catholic and Irish became interchangeable. Stephen Hero demonstrates how the Catholic Church supported the Gaelic Revival, a nationalist movement. The nationalist movement and the Catholic Church contributed to maintaining the unique identity of Irish people in a mutually supportive relationship. Joyce criticizes the Catholic Church’s participation in the nationalist movement, noting that ”it ruins the chances of revolutions.” Because the Irish Catholic Church designed Ireland’s political future in the interests of the Church, the aspirations of the Irish people were often ignored. As Joyce says after independence in Ireland, “there is less freedom,” nationalism combined with religion does not bring true liberation. The Irish case shows that we need to find a more inclusive, more transcendental basis to define the nation than religion. 

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